“European Commission. Climate Change Key Terms. Kyoto Protocol = An international agreement, linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits industrialised countries to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.”
Note from author: “The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, committing its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets.” (UNFCC 2017. Kyoto Protocol).
According to the Kyoto Protocol, which was signed in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, developed nations carry a heavier load while primarily responsible for the current amount of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions in Earth´s atmosphere, yet the responsibilities are common but differentiated. Some adjustments to the protocol were adopted in Doha in 2012, the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol (UNFCC 2017. Kyoto Protocol).
The goal of the Kyoto Protocol is to lower emissions from six different GHG´s: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC´s), and perfluorinated chemicals (PFC´s). (Kyoto Protocol).
The Kyoto Protocol has as per today 83 signatory countries, and 192 parties. See the complete list here: UNFCC – Status of Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol. The good intentions of the Kyoto Protocol today, still, face challenges since carbon dioxide levels in the Earth´s atmosphere are rising at an alarming rate despite of the many technological advancements and transformations into a dominance of renewable energy sources in many countries.
However, not to speculate but the situation may look very different within only a few years or by 2030 with the current developments and actions being taken around the world, especially in nations like China which has taken rather drastic actions to improve not only the country´s domestic situation, heavily affected by pollution and smog, but in taking a leadership role and investing heavily into renewable energy production e.g. in many countries on the African continent.
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