How Do Temperature Shifts Impact the Climate and Environment (in The Arctic)?
I am neither a meteorologist nor a geologist, but I know from personal experience, media and research that changing weather patterns and temperature fluctuations are common in most places on Earth. Especially in the Arctic region, where changes/differences in temperatures may vary very quickly, from e.g. -20 degrees Celsius one day and +5 degrees Celsius the next day. This is common e.g. in whole Finland.
My knowledge about the importance of micro- and macro climates also goes back to my oenology/wine studies, whereby e.g. vineyards in the same region are affected by a number of things, such as compass point, soil composition, hours of sunlight, rainfall, humidity, and overall growth conditions. In fact, regardless of how favorable a micro climate is, and regardless of how knowledgeable a winemaker is, e.g. viticulture and wine making are largely affected by climate and weather. Two vineyards in the same region may have huge differences e.g. in quality, depending upon how favorable the vineyard´s micro climate is, in addition to the expertise of the winemaker. This only as an example of how sensitive our climates are to variations, especially in terms of agriculture, farming and e.g. oenology.
Now back to the Arctic region. If and when even large temperature variations in the Arctic region are commonplace, why should we be concerned about shifting temperatures in the Arctic region?
The problem with the changing temperatures in the Arctic region today is that the temperature fluctuations and variations are no longer what they used to be: not only are there variations in the temperatures overall, but the whole region in general is warming at an alarming rate: so fast that the sea ice extent in the Arctic sea is disappearing during summer months, leaving the ocean surface blank and wide open, allowing for the shallow Arctic sea to absorb the sun´s rays in a way that warms the region faster and faster all the time. In addition to that, the constant climate change and warming in the Arctic is causing permafrost thawing. When this happens, dangerous greenhouse gases, especially methane, are being released into Earth´s atmosphere.
Our world is already combating greenhouse gas emissions and working towards lowering the greenhouse gas emission rates in our atmosphere, but at the current rate we are not fighting greenhouse gas emissions fast enough. Now, greenhouse gas emissions are at a higher level than ever before. If this development continues, we are facing completely new dangers and risks, some of which climate scientists may already be aware of, but what is not yet commonly being discussed on media.
The dangers of climate change and the release of greenhouse gases are a real risk for all of us, which is why everyone must take action to tackle this, not in future, but starting immediately. Watch ClimateCentral´s video “Arctic Changes: The Big Picture” to learn more:
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