Trees play an important role in our Earth´s ecosystem by absorbing much of the CO2 and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Stopping deforestation by planting more trees around the world and taking good care of forests, it is possible to reduce the overall average temperature worldwide.
In other words, by planting and growing more trees we can cool down the average temperatures on this planet + possibly prevent further harm, such as the expansion of the Sahara desert into the south, an area that expands every year.
Drought is an immense problem worldwide, leading to lakes and other water bodies drying out or even completely disappearing (see for instance lakes Aral and Chad). Drought leads to complex problems, including conflicts and climate refugees.
New Zealand and Pakistan are examples of two countries that have started planting millions of new trees to combat climate change and global warming. Norway has banned deforestation in the country. Other countries should follow these examples instead of cutting down more forests and trees. There are alternative ways of for instance paper production. Proper forestry management is also important.
“National Geographic. Deforestation: Forests cover about 30% of the Planet, but deforestation is clearing Earth´s forests on a massive scale. At the current rate, the world´s rain forests could completely vanish in 100 years.”
and definitely worth reading to understand better what kind of a role tropical forests have in the Earth´s ecosystem. Of course, all forests are equally important. Deforestation and the loss of forests through e.g. forest fires/wildfires is extremely detrimental to our environment, already since a lost forest is not so quickly replaced.
Following video discusses the causes, problems and conservation techniques of deforestation:
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Note from author: Forests are crucial to our planet, not only are they home to thousands of species, but do also act as the “lungs” of Earth by absorbing environmentally damaging gases and pollution. Forests cover 31 % (4 billion ha) of our world´s land surface, down from 5.9 billion hectares pre-industrially. (Earth Policy Institute. 2012). Sustainably managed forests provide essential goods and services and play an important role in sustainable development. (FAO. 2015).
Deforestation is a serious problem. If necessary measures are not taken, there is a risk of our rain forests vanishing within a century. (The Guardian. January 23rd 2017. We are destroying rain forests so quickly they may be gone in 100 years). Despite of these shattering facts, there can be light at the end of the tunnel if and when we take measures to change the course of this trend. Some countries have realized the importance of forests and trees for the well-being of our environment, including fauna, flora and ourselves as a human race. In Pakistan, over one billion trees have been planted within two years as a national project to restore lost forests. (World Atlas. August 14th 2017. In Only Two Years, Pakistan Has Planted One Billion Trees). In addition, Norway has become the first country in the world to ban deforestation. (EcoWatch. June 8th 2016).
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According to The Finnish Forest Association , the state of Finland owns around 26% of all the forests in Finland while private persons own the rest. As a forest owner in Finland you basically have the obligation to take care of the forest you own. As an individual, whether living in Finland or visiting the country as a tourist, you have the right to walk around in any forest in Finland which I currently do almost daily. On my walks I see lots of dead forest/trees that seem neglected.
Someone asked me why something like this happens to trees. To be honest, I do not know the answer. What I know for a fact (and personally see) is that garbage is being dumped in our forests. Every time I walk around/hike, I collect some trash thrown into our nature but I cannot clean up every piece of dirt/trash that is being thrown into nature.
I see all kinds of garbage being dumped into nature, and into our forests, including hazardous waste, such as motor oil. Some of the findings include plastic bottles/other plastic, aluminium cans/other metal objects, glass bottles, old chairs, even mattresses and old tires. It is a horrible sight!
If there is one book I recommend for you to read this year is the non-fiction thriller “Gomorra”, written by Italian journalist Roberto Saviano. It is a true story about how Saviano himself got infiltrated into the Italian mafia in Southern Italy, and his observations over several years. Not only does this non-fiction include quite horrible details about how the mafia operates around the world, but also how they have monopolized the recycling and waste industry in Italy, and how they have dumped poisonous materials/waste into the environment.